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GNUS Manual

Third Edition, GNUS Version 3.13

March 1990

Masanobu UMEDA

Copyright (C) 1989 Fujitsu Laboratories LTD.
Copyright (C) 1990 Masanobu UMEDA.

Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are preserved on all copies.

Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided also that the sections entitled "Distribution" and "GNUS General Public License" are included exactly as in the original, and provided that the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to this one.

Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this manual into another language, under the above conditions for modified versions, except that the sections entitled "Distribution" and "GNUS General Public License" may be included in a translation approved by the author instead of in the original English.


GNUS is free; this means that everyone is free to use it and free to redistribute it on a free basis. GNUS is not in the public domain; it is copyrighted and there are restrictions on its distribution, but these restrictions are designed to permit everything that a good cooperating citizen would want to do. What is not allowed is to try to prevent others from further sharing any version of GNUS that they might get from you. The precise conditions appears following this section.

The easiest way to get a copy of GNUS is from someone else who has it. You need not ask for permission to do so, or tell any one else; just copy it.

If you have access to the Internet, you can get the latest version of GNUS from tut.cis.ohio-state.edu [] using anonymous ftp. You can also get it from osu-cis using anonymous uucp.

You may also receive GNUS when you buy a computer. Computer manufacturers are free to distribute copies on the same terms that apply to everyone else. These terms require them to give you the full sources, including whatever changes they may have made, and to permit you to redistribute the GNUS received from them under the usual terms of the General Public License. In other words, the program must be free for you when you get it, not just free for the manufacturer.

If you cannot get a copy in any of those ways, you can order one from the author using electronic mail. For further information, write to:


If you cannot reach the author using these addresses, try the following mailing list:


The list is intended to exchange useful information about GNUS, such as bug reports, useful hooks, and extensions. Feel free to ask about the nearest machine that has GNUS installed. Subscription requests for this list should be sent to:


See section Reporting Bugs, for more information on the mailing list.

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