The d M (
calc-mathematica-language) command selects the
conventions of Mathematica, a powerful and popular mathematical tool
from Wolfram Research, Inc. Notable differences in Mathematica mode
are that the names of built-in functions are capitalized, and function
calls use square brackets instead of parentheses. Thus the Calc
formula `sin(2 x)' is entered and displayed `Sin[2 x]' in
Vectors and matrices use curly braces in Mathematica. Complex numbers
are written `3 + 4 I'. The standard special constants in Calc are
Non-decimal numbers are written, e.g., `16^^7fff'. Floating-point
numbers in scientific notation are written `1.23*10.^3'.
Subscripts use double square brackets: `a[[i]]'.