[started by R. Saito, 2019.4.27]

Checklist for the draft of the paper

It is not easy to write a paper within an international standard. When I edit the draft of the paper written by new students, I often find similar expressions that I need to fix. Thus it would be nice if you read this page to avoid not-good expressions before writing the paper.

The goal of the paper is explicitly written.

"However," is generally expected in Introduction.

(Bad) Two dimensional materials have been widely investigated.
(Good) Valley polarization is defined by ..

Organization of the paper is important for the reader

Organization of the paper is as follows. In Section 2, we show a method ...

Do not use the past tense for the present results.

(Bad1) We measured optical absorption spectra (But we do not use this method).
(Bad2) We are measuring ... (Why do you submit the paper before finishing ...?)
(Good) We measure the optical absorption of A. 
(Acceptable) We have measured the optical absorption of A (It should take a long time to finish.)  

Be careful for "a", and "the"

(Bad) We show method of calculation.
(Good1) We show a method of the calculation. (method does not appear, calculation appear)
(Good2) We show a method of calculation (we did not mention the calculation yet)
(Good3) We show a method of calculating A. (avoid to use a noun) 
(Bad) This result means that ....
(Good) The present (calculated) result means that 

You can try to convert from a noun to a verb.

(Bad)  We can obtain the formation of the material. 
(Good) We can form the material.
(Bad)  Energy band calculation is performed for bi-layer graphene.
(Good) We calculate energy band of bi-layer graphene. 

Do not use "Different materials give different results"

(Bad) We have different samples which gives different spectra.
(Good) The spectra changes by changing A for samples.

Avoid too long subject or too long sentences.

(Bad) Temperature dependence of Raman spectroscopy for mono-layer transition metal dicharcogenides is discussed. 
(Good) We discuss temperature dependence of Raman spectroscopy for mono-layer, transition-metal dicharcogenides.

Do not use any subjective words

(Bad) We will show a novel result of calculation (Crazy!)
(Good) We think that this result have a significant meaning since A is B.
(Bad) The results are very small and thus ... 
(Good1) Since the results are much smaller than A, ....
(Good2) The results are small compared with B and thus ...

Do not use three consecutive nouns.

(Bad) state density calculation
(Good) calculated the density of states

If you want to compare the two results, Use the same axis.

Axis labels of a figure should be large and up to 5.

In many times, the reason should be before the statement.

(Bad) The result means C. It is because that A is B. 
(Good) Since A is B, the results mean C.

Do not use "Fig.1 shows ... " or "Fig. 1 dipicts ..."

(Bad) Fig. 1 shows A and B.
(Good) (new paragraph) In Fig. 1, we plot (illustrate, show) A as a function of x.

Do not use Legend of the graph

Bad examples and fixed examples

In the following, I ask students edited examples. Can you point out all the reasons why we need to change the sentences?

(Bad) An electron energy dispersion with a narrow band width in a significant portion of the Brilloin zone (BZ) very close to the Fermi level (EF) is an intriguing electronic system.
(Good) We are interested in a "flat" energy dispersion of an electron (or a flat band) that appears  near the Fermi energy. 
An interesting physics of two-dimensional materials may appear if the flat band appears for sufficiently large area in the Brillouin zone.

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Last-modified: 2019-04-30 (Tue) 11:16:08